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I use this newsletter to send Bible studies as much as once per week, sometimes less, but never more. See back issues.

Rebuilding the Foundations: Chapter 1

Principles of Interpretation

There are a few principles that are central to this book and, in fact, led to the writing of it.

Say What the Jesus and the Apostles Said

By this I mean that we ought to be able to quote any verse from the New Testament as it is written without having to apologize for it. It is impossible to overemphasize this principle. You will see why this is true as we progress.

Change Theology and Tradition Rather Than Changing the Bible

This should be so obvious that it need not be said, but it is far too rarely followed. The traditions we have accumulated over 2,000 years—and especially those that we have added over the last 500 years—triumph over what the Bible says again and again and again in evangelical circles.

Reject Unreasonable Interpretations

Not only unreasonable, but even nonsensical interpretations of the Bible are often embraced in evangelical circles as long as they protect tradition. Some are even bold enough to invent their own ideas and defend them with a series of unlikely interpretations.

If You Lose an Argument, Switch Sides

My interpretations of Scripture get stronger and clearer because I listen to those who oppose me. I both learn from the arguments against me and switch to the opposing side if their arguments are stronger. If you are on the losing end of a theological discussion, joining the winning side is a way to instantly strengthen your position!

If you come up with a doctrine novel to all of church history, reject it.

If you are arguing for a doctrine you need to be able to find it somewhere in Christian history, the earlier the better. If it is new to everyone from all ages, it is heresy. We are to contend earnestly for the faith once for all delivered to the saints, not for something we just figured out on our own 2,000 years after the faith was delivered to the saints (Jude 1:3).

All these principles are applied in the pages that follow. My boast is that at the end of this book, you will be able to empty your collection of difficult verses. The only exception to that will be verses that every Christian tradition considers difficult. An example would be 1 Corinthians 15:29. No one knows what "baptism for the dead" Paul is referring to. I did read a paper once that argued that this "baptism for the dead" was some sort of Jewish practice, perhaps among a sect like the Essenes. Even that paper could not claim certainty in its position.

On more normal verses, though, like the apparent contradiction between Romans 3:28 ("justified by faith apart from works") and James 2:24 ("justified by works and not faith only"), you will not need to wonder anymore! Nor will you have to resort to changing the words of Scripture into "justified by faith alone, but not by faith that is alone." There will be no such dancing around the words of Scripture in this book.

For the most part, we will not need to foray into the Greek text from which our English New Testaments are translated. In the case of John's Gospel and letters, however, there is one extremely important and non-controversial issue in Greek that we must examine. Unfortunately, that small part of Greek grammar needs to be learned by every Christian if that Christian wants to understand the Apostle John.

I say again that at the end of this book, you will no longer be dancing around crucial doctrines and crucial verses of Scripture. You will be confident that your New Testament agrees with itself from front to back and across all authors without any bizarre interpretations. I will also be able to justify the interpretations in this book from the earliest part of Christian history and show that all of my conclusions were once believed by all the churches of the Roman Empire. (I do not know the second-century history of churches outside the Roman Empire.)

I challenge you to read this book and put my boasting to the test.