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Bible study: Prophecies of Christ
November 12, 2019

Becoming a Christian

In Acts 26:27, the apostle Paul asks King Agrippa, "Do you believe the prophets?" A little earlier, he had said, "I stand to this day testifying to both small and great, saying nothing but what the prophets and Moses said would happen" (v. 22).

What did Paul mean? What did the prophets say would happen?

The prophecies about Jesus are among the greatest evidences that Jesus was who he said he was: the Son of God and the eventual Judge of the whole world. Let's begin with the two prophecies that were used in the first Christian preaching.

The very first Christian preaching is found in Acts 2. It begins with a quote from a prophecy to Joel. This is a Bible study, so I am going to ask you to look it up rather than writing it here. Looking it up will help you remember it. If you're reading this, you are on an electronic device. You can simply google each passage if you want.

Acts 2:16-21

Verses 19-20 of this prophecy are for our future, when Jesus comes the second time. The rest of the prophecy tells us what is important in the New Testament (the new covenant/contract that God has made with his people). You can also read the prophecy in Joel 2:28-32.

Joel gave this prophecy about the Holy Spirit coming to God's people 700-800 years before Jesus was born.

Joel's prophecies are related to two others:

Ezekiel 36:26-27Jeremiah 31:31-34

Again, you can simply google these passages. Peter was appealing to these prophecies to explain what was happening in Acts 2:1-15.

The second prophecy Peter addresses in that first Christian sermon is in Acts 2:25-28. Peter quotes that passage from Psalm 16:8-10. King David wrote that Psalm almost 1,000 years before Jesus was born.

It is a prophecy that the Christ (which means Israel's promised King) would rise from the dead. Of course, we know that Jesus' resurrection from the dead is the central claim of Christianity. Sean McDowell gives brief arguments for Jesus' resurrection on Youtube at That's just a tickler. He has a much longer video on the subject.

These are the first two prophecies used in Christian preaching, but they are by no means the only ones, nor the most convincing ones. When Paul asked King Agrippa about the prophecies, he had many more in mind. We will address two more prophecies in the next mailing, and we will begin with the most amazing ones.
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